Pakistan is about the size of of Texas and Oklahoma combined. Most Pakistanis live in the Indus River Valley, which runs through the center of Pakistan. Northern Pakistan has some of the world’s highest mountains, including K2, the world’s second-highest peak. Pakistan’s two largest cities are Karachi and Lahore.
Pakistan contains multiple ethnic groups. The Punjabi is the largest, which makes up about 45 percent of the population. Most Pakistanis are devout Muslims and abide to the philosophy that the “will of God is evident in all things.” Inshaʾ Allah (God willing) is a saying frequently used to express hope for success or for an optimistic outcome.