Focus on: Colombia

Overview

Sourced from IMUNA:
Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia, and is located in Northern South America. It borders the Caribbean Sea between Panama and Venezuela, and borders the North Pacific Ocean between Ecuador and Panama. Colombia emerged as an independent country following the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. With a population of 46,245,297, it is the 30th most populated country in the world. 90% of the population is Roman Catholic, while 10% identify as other. Colombia has a Republican government, and the executive branch dominates this structure.

Statistics

  • Capital: Bogotá
  • Population: 49.7 million (to 2018)
  • Area (in sq. km): 2,070,408
  • Language(s): Spanish
  • Median Age (years): 30.1
  • Human Development Indicators (2016)
    • Human Development Index: 0.727
    • Human Development Ranking: 95
    • Life expectancy at birth (years): 74.2
    • Expected years of schooling (years): 13.6
    • Mean (avg.) years of schooling (years): 7.6
    • Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $): 12,762
    • Income inequality, Gini coefficient: 53.5
    • Gender Development Index (GDI): 1.004
    • Population living below income poverty line, PPP $1.90 a day (%): 5.7
    • Employment to population ratio (% ages 15 and older): 61.7
    • Internet users (% of population): 55.9
    • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes): 1.9
      • Forest area (% of total land area): 52.7
      • Forest area (total change %, 1990-2015): -9.2

Resources & References