Georgia

A view of the Georgian capitol, Tbilisi

FLEX Students

All students from Georgia are Future Leaders Exchange (FLEX) Program scholarship winners. Click here to learn more about the FLEX Program.

Country Information

Georgia is well known for its rich folklore, unique traditional music, theatre, cinema, and art. Georgians are renowned for their love of music, dance, theatre and cinema. In the 20th century there have been notable Georgian painters. Physical education is also something Georgia is renowned for.

Lifestyle and Family

Both men and women may kiss one another on the cheek in public places. Kissing on the lips and intimate hugging in public are not approved. Shaking hands is common, but women shake hands less often than men do. Either the person with higher social status or the woman is supposed to initiate greeting and define its form. In the countryside, it is common to greet strangers. Men may embrace while walking in the street. In general, the closer the relationship, the smaller the distances at which people stand apart. Women are not supposed to gaze at strangers.

Multiple generations will tend to live together and extended family is normally close by, especially in rural areas. Children are the focal point of the family, and much attention is paid to their education and development, especially in the educated classes.

Diet

There is a great culinary divide between the western and eastern region. In the west, there is a greater emphasis on vegetarian food, predominantly prepared with walnuts. Herbs and spices, especially tarragon, basil, coriander, feuille Grec, and pepper make western Georgian food hot and spicy. In the eastern area, the food is heavier, with more of an accent on mutton and pork.

Fish, especially trout, is eaten universally. A wide variety of locally grown fruit is supplemented by wild and cultured berries, watermelons and other melons. Dried fruit and nuts covered with a mixture of grape juice and wheat or corn flour are eaten in the winter. Jams are prepared from fruit, unripe walnuts, watermelon, eggplant, and green tomatoes.

Language and Religion

The majority language is Georgian, which belongs to the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language group. Christianity is the dominant religion. The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church is one of the world's most ancient Christian Churches, founded in the 1st century by the Apostle Andrew the First Called. Muslim makes up about 10% of the population.

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